E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment

Aiah Khateb, Fadwa Mohammed, Fai Alsubhi, Razan Abdullah, Saniyya Alkatib.

Abstract
Background and Aims:
The incidence of fungal infections in Saudi Arabia is increasing with an increase in the population of high-risk patients. Still, studies highlighting the impact of environmental fungal agents on infections in Saudi are limited, and none have examined the Medina region despite the city’s stature, diversity, and travel flow. This study aims to determine the fungal distribution across the Medina region.
Methods:
A randomized 212 indoor samples were collected based on analyzed data from 1374 questionnaires. The prevalence of participants to fungal infection was 19.2% and 26.3% in the risk group. Fungal species were identified via macroscopic and microscopic examination.
Results:
Two hundred and three (96%) samples showed fungal growth. Yeast identified were 78 (34%) Candida species, 56 (25%) non-Candida species. The study identified 13 genera and 20 species for mould, including 38 (17%) Aspergillus spp., 20 (9%) Rhizopus spp. 9(4%) holoarthic/enteroatric conidiogenesis, 7 (3%) Mucor spp. 4 (2%) of both Penicillium spp. and Neurspora spp. and only 2(1%) of Madurella spp., 3(1%) Epidermophyton spp., 2 (1%) Lichtheimia spp., and 1(1%) Peacilomyces spp.
Conclusions:
This study identified Aspergillus spp. as the most frequent fungi across the Medina region. The characterization of indoor fungal environment enables healthcare practitioners to anticipate fungal infection for individuals at risk. These findings can aid the prediction and prevention of fungal infections and fungal sensitization among the high-risk populations.

Key words: Environment, Saudi Arabia, Fungi, Indoor, Aspergillus.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khateb A, Mohammed F, Alsubhi F, Abdullah R, Alkatib S. Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2023; 11(2): 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010


Web Style

Khateb A, Mohammed F, Alsubhi F, Abdullah R, Alkatib S. Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. https://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=80448 [Access: May 30, 2023]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khateb A, Mohammed F, Alsubhi F, Abdullah R, Alkatib S. Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2023; 11(2): 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khateb A, Mohammed F, Alsubhi F, Abdullah R, Alkatib S. Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2023), [cited May 30, 2023]; 11(2): 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010



Harvard Style

Khateb, A., Mohammed, . F., Alsubhi, . F., Abdullah, . R. & Alkatib, . S. (2023) Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 11 (2), 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010



Turabian Style

Khateb, Aiah, Fadwa Mohammed, Fai Alsubhi, Razan Abdullah, and Saniyya Alkatib. 2023. Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 11 (2), 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010



Chicago Style

Khateb, Aiah, Fadwa Mohammed, Fai Alsubhi, Razan Abdullah, and Saniyya Alkatib. "Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 11 (2023), 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khateb, Aiah, Fadwa Mohammed, Fai Alsubhi, Razan Abdullah, and Saniyya Alkatib. "Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 11.2 (2023), 105-117. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khateb, A., Mohammed, . F., Alsubhi, . F., Abdullah, . R. & Alkatib, . S. (2023) Prevalence of Mycoses and Investigation of Fungal Indoor Environment. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 11 (2), 105-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.010





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