E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?

Asma A. Alonazi, Minaz S. Shaikh, Falah H. Alshammari, Fuzail Ahmad, Ahmad D. Alanazi, Danah M. Alyahya.

Abstract
Background and Aims:
The incidence of overweight and obesity among children and adolescents is rising. The rise in weight and obesity impairs Saudi children’s physical activity and muscular flexibility, especially during the pandemic. However, few studies focus on the relationship between weight and physical fitness in Saudi. Therefore, this study aims to perform among Saudi Arabian children to assess the relationship between muscular flexibility and weight.
Methods:
A cross-sectional study of 195 children aged 6 to 13 was performed in Saudi Arabia. Children who had not previously experienced musculoskeletal pain, neurological disorders, or congenital or acquired spinal deformities were included. For this study, weight and height measurements were taken to calculate body mass index (BMI) in kg/m2, and a sit-and-reach (STR) test was measured to determine muscular flexibility in centimeters.
Results:
The Pearson correlation between STR and weight was negative (-0.26), with a 95% CI of -0.39 to -0.13, indicating a weak but statistically significant relationship between STR and weight. While controlling for other variables in the model, the regression analysis revealed that for every unit (kg/m2) increase in BMI, muscular flexibility decreased by 0.147 units on average (Beta =-0.147; [95 percent CI: -2.07- (-0.039)]. Gender and muscular flexibility were found to have a negative relationship (Beta =-0.078; [95 percent CI: (-2.98) to (0.86)].
Conclusions:
Being overweight and obese were inversely related to muscular flexibility as measured by STR, with no meaningful distinctions between boys and girls.

Key words: Obesity, muscular flexibility, children, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alonazi AA, Shaikh MS, Alshammari FH, Ahmad F, Alanazi AD, Alyahya DM. Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2023; 11(2): 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003


Web Style

Alonazi AA, Shaikh MS, Alshammari FH, Ahmad F, Alanazi AD, Alyahya DM. Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. https://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=112568 [Access: May 30, 2023]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alonazi AA, Shaikh MS, Alshammari FH, Ahmad F, Alanazi AD, Alyahya DM. Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2023; 11(2): 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alonazi AA, Shaikh MS, Alshammari FH, Ahmad F, Alanazi AD, Alyahya DM. Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2023), [cited May 30, 2023]; 11(2): 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003



Harvard Style

Alonazi, A. A., Shaikh, . M. S., Alshammari, . F. H., Ahmad, . F., Alanazi, . A. D. & Alyahya, . D. M. (2023) Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 11 (2), 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003



Turabian Style

Alonazi, Asma A., Minaz S. Shaikh, Falah H. Alshammari, Fuzail Ahmad, Ahmad D. Alanazi, and Danah M. Alyahya. 2023. Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 11 (2), 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003



Chicago Style

Alonazi, Asma A., Minaz S. Shaikh, Falah H. Alshammari, Fuzail Ahmad, Ahmad D. Alanazi, and Danah M. Alyahya. "Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 11 (2023), 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alonazi, Asma A., Minaz S. Shaikh, Falah H. Alshammari, Fuzail Ahmad, Ahmad D. Alanazi, and Danah M. Alyahya. "Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 11.2 (2023), 13-26. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alonazi, A. A., Shaikh, . M. S., Alshammari, . F. H., Ahmad, . F., Alanazi, . A. D. & Alyahya, . D. M. (2023) Does Increasing Body Weight Negatively Impact Children’s Muscular Flexibility in Saudi Arabia?. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 11 (2), 13-26. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.02.003





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