E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Review Article 


Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes

Palanisamy Manikandan.

Abstract
In recent years, drug resistance has caused a significant number of fatalities. This review focuses on the emergence of medication resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains associated with biofilm development, neonatal sepsis, aging, and secondary K. pneumoniae infection in COVID-19 cases. This review is an exclusive survey of >200 research articles and >100 review articles indexed in the Web of Science list with the keywords “K. pneumoniae,” “drug resistance,” “sepsis,” “neonatal sepsis,” “sepsis in older age,” “secondary infection,” “biofilm production,” “secondary infection in COVID-19,” “drug resistance genes,” and “whole genome sequencing”. In order to protect antibiotic susceptibility and to provide an overview of the biofilm forming mechanisms among gram-negative bacteria, the review discusses the function of multidrug-resistant K. pneumoniae in the production of biofilms. Additionally, K. pneumoniae’s role in contemporary cases of sepsis, spread of medication resistance in hospitals, and sepsis caused by K. pneumoniae in the geriatric age group are discussed. A summary of current approaches and the identification of drug resistance genes utilizing a whole genome sequencing technique are also reviewed in this article.

Key words: Klebsiella pneumoniae, Biofilm, Drug resistance, Carbapenemresistance, Plasmid, Gene


 
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Pubmed Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2023; 11(1): 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013


Web Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. https://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=114555 [Access: February 02, 2023]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2023; 11(1): 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2023), [cited February 02, 2023]; 11(1): 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013



Harvard Style

Palanisamy Manikandan (2023) Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 11 (1), 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013



Turabian Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. 2023. Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 11 (1), 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013



Chicago Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. "Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 11 (2023), 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Palanisamy Manikandan. "Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 11.1 (2023), 161-178. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Palanisamy Manikandan (2023) Carbapenem-resistant biofilm-producing multidrug resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae induced hospital-acquired infections and analysis of resistant genes. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 11 (1), 161-178. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2023.01.013





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