E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Review Article 


A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources

Esam S. Al-Malki.

Abstract
Acanthamoeba species are free-living amebae (FLA) that inhabit a diversified environmental source such as air, soil, and water. These FLA can also act as an opportunistic pathogen to cause infections in both healthy and immunocompromised individuals, including granulomatous encephalitis, keratitis, cutaneous lesions, and sinusitis. Thus, information’s about Acanthamoeba distribution in environmental samples is very important in parasitology research. Therefore, this review aimed to analyze the incidences of Acanthamoeba in different types of water sources that are open to public accesses every day of life. Besides, this review endorses safety measures to avoid Acanthamoeba contamination in water.

Key words: Acanthamoeba, Trophozoites, Cysts, Drinking water, Granulomatous amebic encephalitis


 
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Pubmed Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016


Web Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=88819 [Access: September 06, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited September 06, 2020]; 8(2): 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016



Harvard Style

Esam S. Al-Malki (2020) A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (2), 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016



Turabian Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. 2020. A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016



Chicago Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. "A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Esam S. Al-Malki. "A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.2 (2020), 148-158. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Esam S. Al-Malki (2020) A review of worldwide distribution of Acanthamoeba from drinking water sources. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 148-158. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.016





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