ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children

Khaled Al-Dossari.

Abstract
Background: Several factors are evidently associated with the overuse of antibiotics both at the doctor`s level and the parents of children level.

Objectives: To assess the level of knowledge and practice of parents about antibiotics use for upper respiratory tract infection (URTI) in their children as well as to determine the contributing factors for inappropriate use.

Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in two PHC centres in National Guard Health Affairs, Riyadh, between 1 January 2012 and 29 February 2012. It included parents of children (age from birth to 12 years) presenting with URTI symptoms.

Results: The study included 352 parents of Saudi children. Most of the parents (71%) reported doctors as their source of antibiotic information. Only 1.4% of the participants identified correctly all antibiotics while 35.8% of them did not identify any antibiotic correctly. Factor analysis showed that the three common underlying factors responsible for antibiotics overuse were: parental self-prescribing tendency, parental tendency of asking for antibiotics from doctor and parental carefree attitude regarding over use and the three common underlying factors responsible for cautious approach to antibiotics use were: parental cautious nature, parental preference of advice over antibiotics and parental belief that URTI are mostly self-limiting.

Conclusions: Parents are self-prescribing because of their easy access of antibiotics without prescription and their indifferent attitude toward microbial resistance.

Key words: Antibiotics. Saudi Arabia, knowledge, URTI


 
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Pubmed Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2013; 1(1): 33-45.


Web Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=287965 [Access: May 25, 2018].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2013; 1(1): 33-45.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2013), [cited May 25, 2018]; 1(1): 33-45.



Harvard Style

Khaled Al-Dossari (2013) Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 1 (1), 33-45.



Turabian Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. 2013. Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 1 (1), 33-45.



Chicago Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. "Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 1 (2013), 33-45.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khaled Al-Dossari. "Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 1.1 (2013), 33-45. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khaled Al-Dossari (2013) Parental Knowledge, Attitude and Practice on Antibiotic use for Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 1 (1), 33-45.





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