E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Review Article 


Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review

Saad Mansour Alqahtani.

Abstract
Tertiary hyperparathyroidism (THPT) is characterized by persistent secondary hyperparathyroidism following successful kidney transplantation. In this case, there is an autonomous proliferation of the parathyroid glands and an over secretion of the parathyroid hormone, which is less likely to recover spontaneously. If untreated, this disease will affect patient survival and renal allograft. Classically in THPT; there is hyperplasia of all parathyroid glands; single or double adenomas are seen in 20% of patients. This review the features of THPT, its pathophysiology, the risk factors, complications and treatment options.

Key words: Parathyroid gland, Parathyroid hormone, Tertiary hyperparathyroidism, Kidney transplantation.


 
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Pubmed Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015


Web Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=82019 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited May 02, 2020]; 8(2): 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015



Harvard Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani (2020) Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (2), 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015



Turabian Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. 2020. Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015



Chicago Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. "Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani. "Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.2 (2020), 140-147. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Saad Mansour Alqahtani (2020) Tertiary Hyperparathyroidism: A Narrative Mini-Review. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 140-147. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.015





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