E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia

Amal A Almohisen, Lama M Almuhaysen, Khawlah K Alhatlany, Reham H Alghalth, Ashwaq M Almutairi, Fatmah A Almarzogy, Haneen A Alghasham, Ghaida M Almohaysen.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Diabetic neuropathy is the commonest early and long-term complication of diabetes. Saudi Arabia has a high prevalence of diabetic neuropathy reaching (65%), which necessitate the establishment of a preventive program. The aim of the study was to measure the prevalence of diabetic neuropathy and its associated risk factors in Qassim, Saudi Arabia.

Methods: A cross-sectional study that utilized an adopted a translated version of Michigan neuropathy screening instrument. An electronic questionnaire was filled by each participant after obtaining inform consent. The questionnaire included questions about neuropathy in addition to added questions about demography of participants. After data collection, SPSS version 21.00 was used for data analysis.

Results: A total of 374 patients has been included in the analysis. Of which (54%) were females, and (97.1%) were Saudis with a neuropathy was (38.2%). Significant associations with abnormal total scores included; low education (p= 0.007), hypertension (p = 0.017), high body mass index (p < 0.001), use of insulin and/or multidrug for diabetes (p < 0.001). Further analysis of sex, age, and smoking did not show any significance with diabetic neuropathy.

Conclusions: Our study concluded that more than one third of diabetics in Qassim region are having diabetic neuropathy. Paying attention to risk factors is an important factor for early detection of the condition.

Key words: Diabetic neuropathy, risk factors, Qassim, Saudi Arabia.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Almohisen AA, Almuhaysen LM, Alhatlany KK, Alghalth RH, Almutairi AM, Almarzogy FA, Alghasham HA, Almohaysen GM. Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004


Web Style

Almohisen AA, Almuhaysen LM, Alhatlany KK, Alghalth RH, Almutairi AM, Almarzogy FA, Alghasham HA, Almohaysen GM. Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=67135 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Almohisen AA, Almuhaysen LM, Alhatlany KK, Alghalth RH, Almutairi AM, Almarzogy FA, Alghasham HA, Almohaysen GM. Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Almohisen AA, Almuhaysen LM, Alhatlany KK, Alghalth RH, Almutairi AM, Almarzogy FA, Alghasham HA, Almohaysen GM. Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited May 02, 2020]; 8(2): 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004



Harvard Style

Almohisen, A. A., Almuhaysen, . L. M., Alhatlany, . K. K., Alghalth, . R. H., Almutairi, . A. M., Almarzogy, . F. A., Alghasham, . H. A. & Almohaysen, . G. M. (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (2), 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004



Turabian Style

Almohisen, Amal A, Lama M Almuhaysen, Khawlah K Alhatlany, Reham H Alghalth, Ashwaq M Almutairi, Fatmah A Almarzogy, Haneen A Alghasham, and Ghaida M Almohaysen. 2020. Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004



Chicago Style

Almohisen, Amal A, Lama M Almuhaysen, Khawlah K Alhatlany, Reham H Alghalth, Ashwaq M Almutairi, Fatmah A Almarzogy, Haneen A Alghasham, and Ghaida M Almohaysen. "Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Almohisen, Amal A, Lama M Almuhaysen, Khawlah K Alhatlany, Reham H Alghalth, Ashwaq M Almutairi, Fatmah A Almarzogy, Haneen A Alghasham, and Ghaida M Almohaysen. "Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.2 (2020), 23-31. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Almohisen, A. A., Almuhaysen, . L. M., Alhatlany, . K. K., Alghalth, . R. H., Almutairi, . A. M., Almarzogy, . F. A., Alghasham, . H. A. & Almohaysen, . G. M. (2020) Prevalence and risk factors of diabetic neuropathy in Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 23-31. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.004





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