E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain

Danya A AlAwadhi, Aesha K Sharif, Ayat E Faraj, Sara J Mohammed, Hajar Y AlShomili, Dana K Abdulla, Sara H Abdulla, Fawzeya A AlAhmed, Eman N AlBastaki, Aysha E AlMadani, Jamil Ahmed.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Insomnia, stress, and anxiety affect the mental wellbeing and distorts the work-life balance of health workers influencing their performance at work. This study aimed to assess the relationship of shift work with insomnia, anxiety, and stress among nurses in a tertiary care hospital in Bahrain.

Methods: We used a cross-sectional study design. Our study population was 345 nurses in a major tertiary care hospital in Bahrain. The sample was selected based on the population probability to size method. Nurses completed a questionnaire that contained items, including sociodemographic data, Bergen’s Insomnia Scale, Perceived Stress Scale, and Shift Work Disorder scale.

Results: The prevalence of insomnia was highest (85.7%) in the youngest nurses (20 to 30 years), Bahrainis (92.2%), nurses working in Surgical (85.5%) and Pediatrics (80.0%) departments, with 1 to 5 years of shift work experience (81.0%), and 1 to 3 night shifts a month (92.0%). Nurses with very high levels of stress were between the ages of 20-30 years, Bahrainis, had a B.Sc. degree, were in the Pediatrics Department, worked for 4 to 6-night shifts per month, and did not consume caffeinated drinks (p<0.05). The prevalence of Shift Work Disorder was 11.3% in our study.

Conclusions: The prevalence of insomnia, stress, and anxiety was high in the nurses in our study, and it was significantly related to performing shift work. However, shift work disorder in those who had insomnia was low in our study although it was still higher in nurses who suffered from insomnia. Balanced working hours and support in the evaluation and treatment potential mental health challenges associated with working in shifts may improve mental wellbeing of nurses working in tertiary care hospitals in Bahrain.

Key words: Insomnia, stress, anxiety, nurses, shifts work disorder


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

AlAwadhi DA, Sharif AK, Faraj AE, Mohammed SJ, AlShomili HY, Abdulla DK, Abdulla SH, AlAhmed FA, AlBastaki EN, AlMadani AE, Ahmed J. Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005


Web Style

AlAwadhi DA, Sharif AK, Faraj AE, Mohammed SJ, AlShomili HY, Abdulla DK, Abdulla SH, AlAhmed FA, AlBastaki EN, AlMadani AE, Ahmed J. Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=41344 [Access: May 02, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

AlAwadhi DA, Sharif AK, Faraj AE, Mohammed SJ, AlShomili HY, Abdulla DK, Abdulla SH, AlAhmed FA, AlBastaki EN, AlMadani AE, Ahmed J. Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

AlAwadhi DA, Sharif AK, Faraj AE, Mohammed SJ, AlShomili HY, Abdulla DK, Abdulla SH, AlAhmed FA, AlBastaki EN, AlMadani AE, Ahmed J. Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited May 02, 2020]; 8(2): 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005



Harvard Style

AlAwadhi, D. A., Sharif, . A. K., Faraj, . A. E., Mohammed, . S. J., AlShomili, . H. Y., Abdulla, . D. K., Abdulla, . S. H., AlAhmed, . F. A., AlBastaki, . E. N., AlMadani, . A. E. & Ahmed, . J. (2020) Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (2), 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005



Turabian Style

AlAwadhi, Danya A, Aesha K Sharif, Ayat E Faraj, Sara J Mohammed, Hajar Y AlShomili, Dana K Abdulla, Sara H Abdulla, Fawzeya A AlAhmed, Eman N AlBastaki, Aysha E AlMadani, and Jamil Ahmed. 2020. Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005



Chicago Style

AlAwadhi, Danya A, Aesha K Sharif, Ayat E Faraj, Sara J Mohammed, Hajar Y AlShomili, Dana K Abdulla, Sara H Abdulla, Fawzeya A AlAhmed, Eman N AlBastaki, Aysha E AlMadani, and Jamil Ahmed. "Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

AlAwadhi, Danya A, Aesha K Sharif, Ayat E Faraj, Sara J Mohammed, Hajar Y AlShomili, Dana K Abdulla, Sara H Abdulla, Fawzeya A AlAhmed, Eman N AlBastaki, Aysha E AlMadani, and Jamil Ahmed. "Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.2 (2020), 32-41. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

AlAwadhi, D. A., Sharif, . A. K., Faraj, . A. E., Mohammed, . S. J., AlShomili, . H. Y., Abdulla, . D. K., Abdulla, . S. H., AlAhmed, . F. A., AlBastaki, . E. N., AlMadani, . A. E. & Ahmed, . J. (2020) Relationship of insomnia, stress, and anxiety with shift work among nurses in the Kingdom of Bahrain. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 32-41. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.005





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