E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Review Article 


Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi.

Abstract
Increasing the needs of Computed Tomography (CT) for children is quietly augmented over the last decades, although it’s one of the most important modalities in diagnostic finalization. However, it carries a higher risk for the patient in term of radiation dose and cancer risk due to higher sensitivity to radiation than the adult. This study was conducted to review the multiple methods of dose reduction technique as presented by different authors where the different scanning protocols, machine and types of the studies were presented Here, more studies and books were selected, where they are carefully summarized and outlined into different categories for which the result stated that; the most frequent examination done in the CT department is head, neck, and sinuses in which where taken as an example of dose reduction methods. The use of the most modern technical advances was recommended in order to optimize the dose level, comfortable, constants (anesthesia if required) position and using low number of phases as possible according to the pathology of interest (low phases with better visualizations), scanning with thin collimation and view thicker as possible, increasing pitch, automatic exposure control, only the area of interest should be examined, with low tube voltage and using of tube current modulation system can give better result of dose reduction and there were multiple methods presented here. Where is most important for radiologist, technicians, and the person who conduct such studies to increase their knowledge in radiation protection, technical advances and how to interpret the different CT protocols.

Key words: Radiation, Children, Dose Reduction, Computed tomography.


 
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Pubmed Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014


Web Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=22446 [Access: September 06, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(2): 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited September 06, 2020]; 8(2): 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014



Harvard Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi (2020) Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (2), 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014



Turabian Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. 2020. Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014



Chicago Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. "Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi. "Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.2 (2020), 130-139. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nouf Hussain Abuhadi (2020) Computed Tomography Dose Reduction in Children: Review Paper. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (2), 130-139. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.02.014





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