E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia

Amany Mohammed Khalifa, Asma Mufadhi Alrimali, Areeb Farhan Alshammari, Ashwag Ghazi Alsham¬mari, Hanan Hamdan Alshammari, Jumanah Adel Almuaili, Manal Nasser Alanazi, Nourah Mohammed Alshammari, Rozan Abdulaziz Alshammari, Safaa Malek Shaheen.

Abstract
Background and Aims: COVID-19 is a major challenge for Health Care Workers (HWCs), who are at risk of contact infec¬tion. This can cause psychological issues such as anxiety, fear, and most importantly, burnout. The last-mentioned can decrease effectiveness at work and jeopardize the efficacy of delivering patient care. Our aim is to measure burnout levels among HCWs directly exposed to COVID-19 and assess associated factors.

Methods: A cross-sectional online questionnaire was distributed through social media to HCWs, from June to October 2020. The questionnaire had two sections. The first section contained questions about socio¬demographic data and associated factors. The second, was the Copenhagen Burnout Inventory (CBI).

Results: A total of 1050 HCWs agreed to participate in the study. 62% were female. 93.4% were Saudi. 38.3% worked with COVID-19 patients, 42.3% had increased work hours, and 58.7% practiced self-isola¬tion. The mean (SD) for personal burnout, 3.47 (0.84), and work-related burnout, 3.41 (0.81), were high, but moderate for patient-related burnout, 3.09 (1.00). Factors associated with burnout levels were gender, age, occupation, marital status, working in isolation hospitals, working with COVID-19 patients, increased work hours, and self-isolation practices.

Conclusions: HCWs are prone to many mental health problems. Many studies were conducted in Saudi Arabia concerning HCWs burnout after pervious outbreaks, however there were not enough measures taken to avoid high levels of burnout during the COVID-19 pandemic. This study highlights the magnitude of burnout problems among HCWs. Efforts must be undertaken by health institutions to support the mental wellbeing of HCWs.

Key words: Burnout, COVID-19, HCW, Mental health, Pandemic.


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Khalifa AM, Alrimali AM, Alshammari AF, Alsham¬mari AG, Alshammari HH, Almuaili JA, Alanazi MN, Alshammari NM, Alshammari RA, Shaheen SM. A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2022; 10(2): 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005


Web Style

Khalifa AM, Alrimali AM, Alshammari AF, Alsham¬mari AG, Alshammari HH, Almuaili JA, Alanazi MN, Alshammari NM, Alshammari RA, Shaheen SM. A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. https://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=85027 [Access: April 05, 2022]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Khalifa AM, Alrimali AM, Alshammari AF, Alsham¬mari AG, Alshammari HH, Almuaili JA, Alanazi MN, Alshammari NM, Alshammari RA, Shaheen SM. A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2022; 10(2): 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Khalifa AM, Alrimali AM, Alshammari AF, Alsham¬mari AG, Alshammari HH, Almuaili JA, Alanazi MN, Alshammari NM, Alshammari RA, Shaheen SM. A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2022), [cited April 05, 2022]; 10(2): 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005



Harvard Style

Khalifa, A. M., Alrimali, . A. M., Alshammari, . A. F., Alsham¬mari, . A. G., Alshammari, . H. H., Almuaili, . J. A., Alanazi, . M. N., Alshammari, . N. M., Alshammari, . R. A. & Shaheen, . S. M. (2022) A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 10 (2), 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005



Turabian Style

Khalifa, Amany Mohammed, Asma Mufadhi Alrimali, Areeb Farhan Alshammari, Ashwag Ghazi Alsham¬mari, Hanan Hamdan Alshammari, Jumanah Adel Almuaili, Manal Nasser Alanazi, Nourah Mohammed Alshammari, Rozan Abdulaziz Alshammari, and Safaa Malek Shaheen. 2022. A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 10 (2), 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005



Chicago Style

Khalifa, Amany Mohammed, Asma Mufadhi Alrimali, Areeb Farhan Alshammari, Ashwag Ghazi Alsham¬mari, Hanan Hamdan Alshammari, Jumanah Adel Almuaili, Manal Nasser Alanazi, Nourah Mohammed Alshammari, Rozan Abdulaziz Alshammari, and Safaa Malek Shaheen. "A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 10 (2022), 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Khalifa, Amany Mohammed, Asma Mufadhi Alrimali, Areeb Farhan Alshammari, Ashwag Ghazi Alsham¬mari, Hanan Hamdan Alshammari, Jumanah Adel Almuaili, Manal Nasser Alanazi, Nourah Mohammed Alshammari, Rozan Abdulaziz Alshammari, and Safaa Malek Shaheen. "A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 10.2 (2022), 30-45. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Khalifa, A. M., Alrimali, . A. M., Alshammari, . A. F., Alsham¬mari, . A. G., Alshammari, . H. H., Almuaili, . J. A., Alanazi, . M. N., Alshammari, . N. M., Alshammari, . R. A. & Shaheen, . S. M. (2022) A Multicenter Cross-sectional Study on the Prevalence of Burnout among Health Care Workers during COVID-19 in Saudi Arabia. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 10 (2), 30-45. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2022.02.005





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