E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Review Article 


The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study

Saad Alflayyeh.

Abstract
Background: A long-term debate persists in global health concerns about the proper balance in the delivery of healthcare services between the private and public sector to the people of the low and middle income countries. The private sector allies claim that private companies may be more efficient and receptive in fulfilling patient needs, while the public sector allies have stressed the incapacity of the poor people to pay that causes imbalances in access to health care.

Aim: This study aims to compare the health-care privatization models of the United Kingdom, Germany, and Canada through health expenditure statistics. The findings will serve as a source of benefits from the privatization of health sectors in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to strengthen its implementation.

Method: This is a descriptive-comparative research where the healthcare privatization model among the chosen first-world countries will be compared through the available health expenditure statistics.

Results: The United States of America (USA) has the highest Total Health Expenditure as a percentage of the Gross Domestic Product with 15-17% since 2006, and lasted until 2014. Saudi Arabia has only 3-5% as compared to the selected first-world countries. The United Kingdom (UK), Germany, Canada, and Saudi Arabia have significantly higher General Government Health Expenditure as a percentage of Total Health Expenditure. On the contrary, the Private Health Expenditure (PvtHE) of USA is higher with 52-55% than the GGHE with only 45-48%. Also, the private insurance as a percentage of PvTHE of the USA is the highest with 63-65% as compared to UK, Germany, Canada and Saudi Arabia.

Conclusion: The healthcare system of Saudi Arabia is a mainly public-funded and public-owned similar to the UK, Germany, and Canada. Despite of the effectiveness of the public-contract model, the private insurance or provider model and the privatization of hospitals could notably change the healthcare system in Saudi Arabia. Thus, the resources and the quality of healthcare services in Saudi Arabia must be enhanced through these mechanisms.

Key words: Healthcare, Healthcare services, Hospital, Private insurance, Privatization


 
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Pubmed Style

Saad Alflayyeh. The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2017; 5(2): 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012


Web Style

Saad Alflayyeh. The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. https://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=294068 [Access: February 01, 2023]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Saad Alflayyeh. The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2017; 5(2): 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Saad Alflayyeh. The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2017), [cited February 01, 2023]; 5(2): 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012



Harvard Style

Saad Alflayyeh (2017) The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 5 (2), 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012



Turabian Style

Saad Alflayyeh. 2017. The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 5 (2), 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012



Chicago Style

Saad Alflayyeh. "The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 5 (2017), 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Saad Alflayyeh. "The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 5.2 (2017), 113-127. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Saad Alflayyeh (2017) The Privatization of Healthcare in selected First-world Countries and its Implications in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A Descriptive-Comparative Study. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 5 (2), 113-127. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2017.02.012





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