E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness

Sharifah Alsayed, Farhan F. Alshammari, Abdalkarem F. Alsharari, Fuad H. Abuadas, Fouzia, Mahboub, Eddieson, Pasayan, Zayed D. Alsharari, Ebaa M. Felemban.

Abstract
Background and Aims: Breaking bad news to patients is a challenge for physicians, nurses, and other healthcare professionals in various clinical settings. This study aims to explore patients’ preferences when being told about an emerging life-threatening terminal illness, such as cancer, and to determine specific factors that can affect individuals’ responses upon the disclosure of the disease and its prognosis.

Methods: We employed a quantitative-cross sectional design using a convenient sample. A total number of 814 participants responded to an online survey invitation from four major cities in Saudi Arabia. Descriptive analysis was used to represent the socio-demographic characteristics of the participants, and the Chi-square (χ2) test was performed to analyze the differences in the disclosure preferences.

Results: Most participants preferred to be directly informed about an emerging diagnosis (85.7%), wished to be with their family upon the disclosure of the disease (98.3%), and preferred to be actively involved in the decision-making and treatment plan. Female participants noted to be keener for a diagnosis disclosure than males χ2(2) = 18.7, p < .01, and the same observation seen in singles compared to married participants, χ2(4) = 10.91, p < .05.

Conclusions: This study investigated public responses and preferences when being told about a terminal medical diagnosis. Healthcare providers are advised to plan ahead and make a strategy to report bad news to lessen the psychological burden on patients and their families.

Key words: Breaking bad news, Disclosure preferences, Terminal illness, Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alsayed S, Alshammari FF, Alsharari AF, Abuadas FH, Fouzia , Mahboub , Eddieson , Pasayan , Alsharari ZD, Felemban EM. Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(4): 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006


Web Style

Alsayed S, Alshammari FF, Alsharari AF, Abuadas FH, Fouzia , Mahboub , Eddieson , Pasayan , Alsharari ZD, Felemban EM. Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=92811 [Access: November 08, 2021]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alsayed S, Alshammari FF, Alsharari AF, Abuadas FH, Fouzia , Mahboub , Eddieson , Pasayan , Alsharari ZD, Felemban EM. Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(4): 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alsayed S, Alshammari FF, Alsharari AF, Abuadas FH, Fouzia , Mahboub , Eddieson , Pasayan , Alsharari ZD, Felemban EM. Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2021), [cited November 08, 2021]; 9(4): 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006



Harvard Style

Alsayed, S., Alshammari, . F. F., Alsharari, . A. F., Abuadas, . F. H., Fouzia, ., Mahboub, ., Eddieson, ., Pasayan, ., Alsharari, . Z. D. & Felemban, . E. M. (2021) Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 9 (4), 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006



Turabian Style

Alsayed, Sharifah, Farhan F. Alshammari, Abdalkarem F. Alsharari, Fuad H. Abuadas, Fouzia, Mahboub, Eddieson, Pasayan, Zayed D. Alsharari, and Ebaa M. Felemban. 2021. Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (4), 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006



Chicago Style

Alsayed, Sharifah, Farhan F. Alshammari, Abdalkarem F. Alsharari, Fuad H. Abuadas, Fouzia, Mahboub, Eddieson, Pasayan, Zayed D. Alsharari, and Ebaa M. Felemban. "Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9 (2021), 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alsayed, Sharifah, Farhan F. Alshammari, Abdalkarem F. Alsharari, Fuad H. Abuadas, Fouzia, Mahboub, Eddieson, Pasayan, Zayed D. Alsharari, and Ebaa M. Felemban. "Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9.4 (2021), 57-70. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alsayed, S., Alshammari, . F. F., Alsharari, . A. F., Abuadas, . F. H., Fouzia, ., Mahboub, ., Eddieson, ., Pasayan, ., Alsharari, . Z. D. & Felemban, . E. M. (2021) Patients’ Disclosure Preferences when Hypothetically Diagnosed with a Terminal Illness. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (4), 57-70. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.04.006





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