E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Review Article 


Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability

Faisal M. Alyazedi.

Abstract
Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread condition. One of the common cause of LBP is lumbar segmental instability (LSI). The understanding of LSI can be improved by dividing cases into three subcategories: functional instability; if neuromuscular system is dysfunctional, structural instability; if osseoligamentous structure is disrupted, and multiple instability; if both subcategories are existed. Elucidating distinctions between sub-classifications might improve common understanding regarding LSI subcategories among physical therapists, radiologists and spinal physicians. The purpose of this review is to highlight the distinctions among the three LSI subcategories, which includes their definitions, scientific evidence, and clinical tests. This review will help to improve understanding of LSI and guide clinical diagnostic decisions. Additionally, this review might help in future research on LSI into three distinct and clinically meaningful sub-classifications.

Key words: Low back pain, Lumbar segmental instability, Classification, Functional instability, Structural instability, Multiple instability.


 
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Pubmed Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(2): 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012


Web Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=8517 [Access: April 02, 2021]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(2): 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2021), [cited April 02, 2021]; 9(2): 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012



Harvard Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi (2021) Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 9 (2), 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012



Turabian Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. 2021. Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (2), 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012



Chicago Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. "Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9 (2021), 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi. "Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9.2 (2021), 113-123. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Faisal M. Alyazedi (2021) Lumbar Segmental Instability Classification: Functional, Structural and Multiple Instability. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (2), 113-123. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.012





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