E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh

Mansour K. Alzahrani, Raghad W. Mallesho, Zahra S. Alkalaif, Fatimah A. Al Nassir, Sarah W. Alnafea, Lamyaa T. AlMohawis, Ala M. Almuttawa, Jehan A. AlMutairi, Fatimah A. Alzaher.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Repeated and prolonged use of smartphones will have negative impacts on the human body. In talking about musculoskeletal problems, many studies found a relationship between neck disabilities and smart devices usage. Our study aimed to assess the association between smartphones addiction and neck disability among private universities students in Riyadh.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among private universities students in Riyadh include medical and non-medical colleges. The participants were given online and direct questionnaire to link the association between smartphones addiction using the problematic use of mobile phones (PUMP) scale and neck disability using the neck disability index.

Results: The study included 527 participants; the majority of the participants were females (81%) as compared to males (19%). Forty-five percent of the participants were using smart devices for 7 hours and above, followed by (41.2%) who were using it between 4-6 hours, and only 14% of the participants were using them between 1-3 hours. A significant higher neck disability was noticed in participants who were using the screen for 7 hours and more (p=0.015).

Conclusions: The study concluded that the majority of university students are using smartphones for 7 hours and more. This finding was significantly associated with the development of neck disability.

Key words: Smartphones; Addiction; Neck Disability; University students; Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alzahrani MK, Mallesho RW, Alkalaif ZS, Nassir FAA, Alnafea SW, AlMohawis LT, Almuttawa AM, AlMutairi JA, Alzaher FA. Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(1): 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011


Web Style

Alzahrani MK, Mallesho RW, Alkalaif ZS, Nassir FAA, Alnafea SW, AlMohawis LT, Almuttawa AM, AlMutairi JA, Alzaher FA. Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=85066 [Access: July 01, 2021]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alzahrani MK, Mallesho RW, Alkalaif ZS, Nassir FAA, Alnafea SW, AlMohawis LT, Almuttawa AM, AlMutairi JA, Alzaher FA. Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(1): 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alzahrani MK, Mallesho RW, Alkalaif ZS, Nassir FAA, Alnafea SW, AlMohawis LT, Almuttawa AM, AlMutairi JA, Alzaher FA. Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2021), [cited July 01, 2021]; 9(1): 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011



Harvard Style

Alzahrani, M. K., Mallesho, . R. W., Alkalaif, . Z. S., Nassir, . F. A. A., Alnafea, . S. W., AlMohawis, . L. T., Almuttawa, . A. M., AlMutairi, . J. A. & Alzaher, . F. A. (2021) Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 9 (1), 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011



Turabian Style

Alzahrani, Mansour K., Raghad W. Mallesho, Zahra S. Alkalaif, Fatimah A. Al Nassir, Sarah W. Alnafea, Lamyaa T. AlMohawis, Ala M. Almuttawa, Jehan A. AlMutairi, and Fatimah A. Alzaher. 2021. Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (1), 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011



Chicago Style

Alzahrani, Mansour K., Raghad W. Mallesho, Zahra S. Alkalaif, Fatimah A. Al Nassir, Sarah W. Alnafea, Lamyaa T. AlMohawis, Ala M. Almuttawa, Jehan A. AlMutairi, and Fatimah A. Alzaher. "Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9 (2021), 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alzahrani, Mansour K., Raghad W. Mallesho, Zahra S. Alkalaif, Fatimah A. Al Nassir, Sarah W. Alnafea, Lamyaa T. AlMohawis, Ala M. Almuttawa, Jehan A. AlMutairi, and Fatimah A. Alzaher. "Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9.1 (2021), 104-117. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alzahrani, M. K., Mallesho, . R. W., Alkalaif, . Z. S., Nassir, . F. A. A., Alnafea, . S. W., AlMohawis, . L. T., Almuttawa, . A. M., AlMutairi, . J. A. & Alzaher, . F. A. (2021) Association between Smartphones Addiction and Neck Disability among Private Universities Students in Riyadh. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (1), 104-117. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.011





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