E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh

Fares F Alharbi, Samar F Alharbi, Ettab G Alsubaie, Muath A Alkhunizan, Khaled Al-Surimi.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Data about the mental health profile of military personnel and their families are needed to establish evidence-based intervention programs in military hospitals. This study aims to determine the epidemiological profile of common mental health disorders in the psychiatric clinics’ attendees in military hospitals.

Methods: A cross-sectional study in psychiatric outpatient clinics in two tertiary-care military hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected from the psychiatric outpatients and their electronic health records by trained physicians.

Results: Of the 439 participants, 202 (46.5%) were male, 259 (64.6%) were in the 26 to 50-year-old age group, and 270 (63.7%) were married. More than 50% were unemployed. The majority (73.3%) of the sample were either overweight (29.8%) or obese (43.5%). The most common mental disorder among psychiatric outpatients in military hospitals was depression (44.4%), followed by anxiety (35.1%), psychosis (25.7%) and bipolar disorder (7.1%). A regression analysis confirmed a significant association between depression, anxiety and psychosis and age, gender, educational level, marital status, and body mass index (BMI).

Conclusions: The majority of patients attending psychiatric clinics in military hospitals have depression, followed by anxiety, psychosis, and bipolar disorder respectively. Around 75% of the participants had increased BMI which requires further studies to assess the reasons; moreover, weight reduction programs can be beneficial.

Key words: Psychiatry, outpatients, depression, anxiety, Saudi Arabia


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Alharbi FF, Alharbi SF, Alsubaie EG, Alkhunizan MA, Al-Surimi K. Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(3): 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014


Web Style

Alharbi FF, Alharbi SF, Alsubaie EG, Alkhunizan MA, Al-Surimi K. Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=78516 [Access: September 06, 2020]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Alharbi FF, Alharbi SF, Alsubaie EG, Alkhunizan MA, Al-Surimi K. Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2020; 8(3): 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Alharbi FF, Alharbi SF, Alsubaie EG, Alkhunizan MA, Al-Surimi K. Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2020), [cited September 06, 2020]; 8(3): 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014



Harvard Style

Alharbi, F. F., Alharbi, . S. F., Alsubaie, . E. G., Alkhunizan, . M. A. & Al-Surimi, . K. (2020) Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 8 (3), 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014



Turabian Style

Alharbi, Fares F, Samar F Alharbi, Ettab G Alsubaie, Muath A Alkhunizan, and Khaled Al-Surimi. 2020. Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (3), 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014



Chicago Style

Alharbi, Fares F, Samar F Alharbi, Ettab G Alsubaie, Muath A Alkhunizan, and Khaled Al-Surimi. "Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8 (2020), 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Alharbi, Fares F, Samar F Alharbi, Ettab G Alsubaie, Muath A Alkhunizan, and Khaled Al-Surimi. "Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 8.3 (2020), 142-155. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Alharbi, F. F., Alharbi, . S. F., Alsubaie, . E. G., Alkhunizan, . M. A. & Al-Surimi, . K. (2020) Epidemiological Profile of Common Mental Health Disorders in Outpatient Psychiatry Clinics of Two Military Hospitals in Riyadh. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 8 (3), 142-155. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2020.03.014





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