E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Research (Original Article) 


Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar.

Abstract
Background : Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by chronic hyperglycemia. Patients of diabetes mellitus are managed by two basic drug regimens. Generally type-I diabetes is managed by insulin therapy, while type-II diabetes is treated by oral hypoglycemic agents. Natural Killer (NK) cells being an important member of innate immunity have protective and pathogenic roles. A study was designed to enumerate NK cells in diabetes mellitus patients being treated with insulin and oral hypoglycemic therapy.

Material & Methods : It was a cross sectional study that comprised of 80 patients of diabetes mellitus. They were categorized as group-I (on oral hypoglycemic) and group-II (on insulin); 40 patients in each group. For enumeration of NK cells, blood sample was analyzed by four color FACS caliber, using CD16/CD56 PE, and CD45 PerCP monoclonal antibodies.

Result : Mean±SD of percentage of NK cells of patients on oral hypoglycemic agents was high (11.10±5.66) compared to patients on insulin therapy (9.91±5.08) but on comparison it was not statistically significant (p=0.327). Mean±SD of percentage of NK cells of male diabetic patients was high (12.01±5.84) compared to female diabetic patients (9.48±4.83) and on comparison it was statistically significant (p=0.039).

Conclusion : No significant difference was observed in the percentage of NK cells of diabetes mellitus patients on insulin and oral hypoglycemic agents. However, percentage of NK cells was significantly high in male patients as compared to female patients.

Key words: NK cells, NKT cells, T cells, Diabetes mellitus, oral hypoglycemic agents


 
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Pubmed Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2014; 2(2): 23-27.


Web Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=290209 [Access: October 14, 2019].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2014; 2(2): 23-27.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2014), [cited October 14, 2019]; 2(2): 23-27.



Harvard Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar (2014) Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 2 (2), 23-27.



Turabian Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. 2014. Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 2 (2), 23-27.



Chicago Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. "Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 2 (2014), 23-27.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar. "Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 2.2 (2014), 23-27. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

RabiaTufail, Nadeem Afzal, Khursheed Javaid, Saba Khaliq, Romeeza Tahir, Afia Abbas, Waqas Latif, Waqas Sami, Abu Zafar (2014) Enumeration of NK cells in Patients of Type-II Diabetes Mellitus. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 2 (2), 23-27.





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