E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Case Report 


Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab.

Abstract
Anatomical variations of limb musculature are common. During the routine dissection for teaching musculoskeletal course for second year students of Medicine, a third (Intermediate) head of the gastrocnemius muscle was detected in a 70-year-old female cadaver in left lower limb. It was originated from the posterior surface of the distal end of the femur by small tendon and extended as long muscular belly. Throughout its course, this belly crosses superficial to the popliteal fossa beneath the skin on its way to join the medial side of the lateral head of gastrocnemius muscle. Furthermore, the intermediate head takes its innervation from the nerve to the lateral head of gastrocnemius that passes on its deeper aspect. No such variation was found in the right lower limb. Knowledge of these variants is very important in clinical practice.

Key words: Gastrocnemius, Dissection, Variation, intermediate head, Cadaver


 
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Pubmed Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(2): 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013


Web Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=113653 [Access: June 30, 2021]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(2): 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2021), [cited June 30, 2021]; 9(2): 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013



Harvard Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab (2021) Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. Majmaah J Heal Sci, 9 (2), 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013



Turabian Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. 2021. Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (2), 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013



Chicago Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. "Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9 (2021), 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab. "Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9.2 (2021), 124-128. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Mohammed Abdelsalam Ahmed Abdelmotalab (2021) Third (Intermediate) head of gastrocnemius muscle; a case report and literature review. Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (2), 124-128. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.02.013





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