E-ISSN 1658-8223 | ISSN 1658-645X
 

Original Article 


Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA)

Abdullelah Al Thobaity, Modi Owied Al Moteri.

Abstract
Background and Aim: Responsibility for disaster preparedness is not limit- ed to healthcare institutions and healthcare providers; communities must also be involved. Knowledge of community members’ awareness of disaster preparedness will enhance and strengthen a community’s resilience to disaster. This study therefore explored factors related to community members’ perceptions of disaster.

Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, and principal component analysis (PCA) was used to extract essential factors from the data. Questionnaires were used to collect ordinal (yes; no) and Likert scale (ranging from 1 = strongly disagree to 5 = strongly agree) data from visitors to the Department of Applied Medical Sciences at Taif University. The questions were designed to understand how participants prepare for dis- asters. Descriptive analysis and PCA were conducted using a PCA extraction method. Varimax rotation was used with Kaiser normalization, and loading on the factor had to be above 0.40.

Results: Of the participants sampled, 383 (65.20%) respond- ed to the survey. The majority were male, and just over a quarter were female. Community members were found to lack emergency and disaster kits, safety measures, and fire extinguishers in their homes. In total, three factors were extracted by the PCA: (1) perception of government efforts, (2) readiness of community members, and (3) general knowledge
regarding disasters.

Conclusions: This study showed a lack of preparedness for and awareness of disasters. It is therefore recommended that the government facilitate and educate community members to ensure that all families have a well-established disaster plan.

Key words: Community; Saudi Arabia; Disasters; Plan; Preparedness


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Thobaity AA, Moteri MOA. Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(1): 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012


Web Style

Thobaity AA, Moteri MOA. Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). http://www.mjhs-mu.org/?mno=109184 [Access: June 30, 2021]. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thobaity AA, Moteri MOA. Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). Majmaah J Heal Sci. 2021; 9(1): 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thobaity AA, Moteri MOA. Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). Majmaah J Heal Sci. (2021), [cited June 30, 2021]; 9(1): 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012



Harvard Style

Thobaity, A. A. & Moteri, . M. O. A. (2021) Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). Majmaah J Heal Sci, 9 (1), 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012



Turabian Style

Thobaity, Abdullelah Al, and Modi Owied Al Moteri. 2021. Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (1), 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012



Chicago Style

Thobaity, Abdullelah Al, and Modi Owied Al Moteri. "Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA)." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9 (2021), 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thobaity, Abdullelah Al, and Modi Owied Al Moteri. "Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA)." Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences 9.1 (2021), 118-132. Print. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thobaity, A. A. & Moteri, . M. O. A. (2021) Community awareness about disaster preparedness: Principal component analysis (PCA). Majmaah Journal of Health Sciences, 9 (1), 118-132. doi:10.5455/mjhs.2021.01.012





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